The archaeozoology team at GIAP investigates the interactions between societies and animals in the past. We use macro-faunal remains recovered from excavations as primary data and study these relationships in a number of different social settings. We focus on four main research lines: animal husbandry, trade, human diet and ritual practices. The study of these topics provides knowledge on important aspects for archaeology, such as social identity and cultural choices, inequalities and ideology or economic changes.
We are currently focusing our research in two main geographical areas, the western Mediterranean basin (Catalonia and Tunisia) and the Eastern Mediterranean (Israel). In terms of chronology, our research focuses on the study of societies from the 5th century BC to the 9th century AD, with a particular interest on Roman societies.
We are integrating innovative methodological lines of research into the standard osteological approach. We are applying palaeogenetic analyses to study animal introductions into newly conquered territories (Palarq foundation Project). We are using microwear analyses to study animal diet and therefore to investigate animal management and land use (Abel Gallego’s PhD). We are also developing Geometric Morphometric methods to study animal mobility between lowlands and highlands (Transhumance project).