Semi-nomadic pastoralism and the origins of the Indus Civilization

Dr. Francesc C. Conesa was invited to give a seminar in the Spanish National Archaeological Museum (MAN) to present the latest developments and forthcoming plans of the project “Kachchh Archaeological Project: trade, pastoralism and the origins of the Indus Civilisation” (Palarq Foundation):

Semi-nomadic pastoralism and the origins of the Indus Civilization

14th November 18h CET. Open event

Francesc C. Conesa (Landscape Archaeology Research Group- GIAP. Institut Català d’Arqueologia Clàssica- ICAC) y Juan José García-Granero (Human Ecology and Archaeology-HUMANE. Institució Milà i Fontanals de Recerca en Humanitats, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas- IMF-CSIC)

4500 years ago, the Kachchh region, west of India, played an essential role in the development of the Indus Civilization, as evidenced by the large urban settlements and citadels built during the peak of this Bronze Age culture.

However, we know very little about the earlier formative period (Early Harappan phase, around 3300-2600 BCE) that led to the full integration of Kachchh into the trade and exchange networks of the Indus. The Juna Khatiya cemetery, discovered in 2016, is the largest necropolis located throughout the entire Indus region and provides new insights into this early formative stage. We present the work carried out around the excavation and study of materials from the cemetery (2019-2022), as well as the planned work for 2023 focused on regional surveying and the identification of potential habitation spaces associated with the use of the necropolis.

Learn more about the Kachchh Archaeological Project:

Francesc C. Conesa is a Beatriu de Pinós postdoctoral fellow with the project “Automated detection and monitoring of endangered archaeological sites at global scales using Big Earth Data, cloud-computing workflows and Artificial Intelligence” (2020 BP 00203) of the AGAUR Generalitat de Catalunya, and cofunded by the European Union (MSCA-801370).

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